National Development and Reform Commission: It is planned to increase the yield per unit area of vegetable industry by more than 1% annually
On the morning of February 27, the National Development and Reform Commission announced the National Vegetable Industry Development Plan (2011-2020) jointly prepared by the National...
On the morning of February 27, the National Development and Reform Commission announced the National Vegetable Industry Development Plan (2011-2020) jointly prepared by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Agriculture, which proposed that the national vegetable planting area remained basically stable during 2011-2020, and the annual average yield level increased by more than 1 percentage point, reaching 2300 kg/mu in 2015 and more than 2500 kg/mu in 2020; The average annual loss rate of vegetables decreased by more than 1 percentage point.
According to the planning requirements, through stabilizing the area, increasing the unit yield, adjusting the structure, and reducing the loss, we can achieve sufficient quantity, variety, and supply balance, and prevent price fluctuations.
The plan predicts that the total demand for vegetables in China will be 589.5 million tons in 2020, an increase of 89.5 million tons over 2010. To meet the total demand and new demand of vegetable consumption, it will mainly be solved by increasing the unit yield and reducing the consumption. By 2020, the per capita share of vegetables in China will increase by 30 kg from the current level, and the processed vegetables will increase by 10 million tons.
It is planned to divide the national vegetable production areas into six advantageous areas: winter and spring vegetables in the hot areas of South China and Southwest China, winter and spring vegetables in the Yangtze River basin, summer and autumn vegetables in the Loess Plateau, summer and autumn vegetables in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, high latitude summer and autumn vegetables in the north, and facilities vegetables in the Huang-Huai-Hai and Bohai Rim. It will focus on the construction of 580 key counties (cities, districts) in the vegetable industry to improve the balanced supply capacity of vegetables in the country.
According to the plan, we will raise funds for the development of the vegetable industry through multiple channels, build a diversified investment mechanism with government investment as the guide and farmers and enterprises as the main body, and adopt various ways to attract social funds, mainly by market main body investment, local main body investment and existing channels.
The plan encourages banking financial institutions to increase credit support for the development of vegetable industry and improve financial services. Expand the scale of vegetable production credit funds, improve the rural financial system, expand financing channels, and guide more credit funds to invest in the vegetable industry.
The National Development and Reform Commission plans to increase credit support for leading enterprises and farmers' professional cooperatives that drive more farmers, are competitive and have market potential; Actively advocate guarantee and re-guarantee institutions to vigorously develop loan guarantee business varieties supporting leading enterprises and farmers' professional cooperatives under the premise of controllable risk.
The plan encourages policy financial institutions to increase credit support for vegetable production and provide medium and long-term credit support for the construction of the circulation system within the scope of business regulations and in accordance with the principle of controllable risk.
The plan also proposes to increase the scale of commercial and cooperative financial loans to the vegetable industry, vigorously develop micro-credit, encourage the development of micro-financial services suitable for the vegetable industry, and improve the financing capacity of key links in the development of the vegetable industry.